Promoting renewable energy through Bio gas Units

Started in October 2010, the project to promote renewable energy through Bio gas units is a project that keeps on giving! This project has everything, focusing on improving the lives of local tribal people, whilst helping to safeguard the planet against climate change.

CTRD is situated in the heart of the Nilgiris Hills, an area of India so rich in wildlife UNESCO are considering deeming it a World Heritage Site. The Nilgiris are home to over 700 animal species alone, including the Asian Elephant and Tiger, and CTRD is dedicated to protecting this biosphere without losing sight of its fight for tribal people.

This project aims to enhance the incomes and quality of life of tribal and marginalized communities whilst directly reducing the impact these communities have on the environment. As of June 2012 a total of 30 bio gas units have been installed by CTRD and its partners and their success is plain to see.

A bio gas unit works by turning animal dung into methane, which is used to fuel cooking stoves in tribal homes. These cooking stoves provide each family with 4 hours worth of cooking time per day and are a fantastic alternative to smoky open fires which pose both a health and safety risk. A bio gas unit consists of a digester with a metallic dome lid which acts as a gas holder. Animal dung is place into the system and is broken down by natural bacteria, producing the gas. The gas is collected and then piped at a constant pressure to the cooking stoves. The environment benefits enormously from this alternative cooking method, as previously a tribal family would have had to use 30kg of firewood per day for cooking and purifying water. Monthly this amounts to 1 metric tonne of CO2 emissions and contributes significantly to deforestation.